The IOGP JIP33 program has been a great success in the short time it has been active and is now actively engaging with operators and EPCs to further adoption across the industry.
The basic premise for JIP33 procurement specifications is to have standardized technical, quality, and information requirements that overlay a recognized industry standard (Figure 1). JIP33 specifications also have a standardized Data Sheet for each specification that should increase efficiency and help simplify communication between purchaser and supplier regarding requirements and product configuration.
By Adri Postema, Engineering and Standards Director & JIP33 Programme Director IOGP; and David Harris, Specifi cations Manager JIP33, IOGP
Case studies performed by equipment suppliers on behalf of JIP33 have shown that standardization of quality and information requirements is as impactful on cost and schedule for the manufacturer as are the technical requirements.
Of the 54 JIP33 specifications published, 24 have API as a parent standard, 8 have IEC as a parent, 9 have no parent standard, and the remaining are to various other Standards Development Organizations.
The content of IOGP specifications will be offered for consideration to be included in the underlying parent standards once these get updated. This reduces the overall maintenance activity of JIP33 specification and ensures wider use of the JIP33-specifi c requirements.
Since 2019 JIP33 has included the digital aspects of specification development and publication (see article in Valve World, March 2023). Developing specifications as digital data files, using digital requirement management tools, provides an opportunity for quick feedback loops for users of the JIP33 specifications.
Changing the Future of Specifications
Both the move to authoring specifications to a defined set of digital rules and publishing the specifications so they can be incorporated into a company’s business system, is a journey that Standards Development Organizations (SDO) are all embarking on. The IOGP has had a Task Force looking at standardizing Requirements for Digitization since 2018 and JIP33 is an early adopter sharing experiences in digital specification writing and using digital exports of the JIP33 specifications for importing into a company’s established systems. JIP33 is actively sharing the best practices with the SDOs to ensure a common set of rules for digital requirements in the future.
This digitization, as well as the cultural and behavioral mindset that standardized procurement specifications need, requires strategic management of change within organizations. Subject Matter Experts and engineers have the opportunity to think and work in a significantly more efficient way than how the industry has traditionally operated for decades. Given the fact that the twelve sponsoring operating companies who are actively participating in JIP33 development have their own business, organizational systems, and cultural differences, getting them all to move in the same direction and compromise their traditional practices has been a transformational change for the industry.
Within the 12 JIP33 sponsoring companies, there has been strong leadership from the top, setting a consistent set of expectations of ‘using JIP33 specification without change’ throughout an organization. Successful JIP33 implementation is beyond engineering and requires involvement from the company’s supply chain organization and adaptation to information and quality functions.
Managing these expectations has been best shown by introducing Key Performance Indicators (KPI) through the organizational structure that align with the company’s overall strategy and objectives. This helps drive the engagement and cultural change needed. As the JIP33 program has developed, the KPIs used by the sponsoring companies have also developed, and they are now looking at pushing the KPIs further into the supply chain.
Supply Chain & Stakeholders
The oil & gas supply chain for capital projects is complex, as it tends not to have a direct purchase-supplier structure. Instead, requirements go from an owner/operator to an EPC, then a packager, and finally to manufacturers (and sometimes their sub suppliers). This means that recognizing and maintaining the integrity of a JIP33 specification through the supply chain is not simple, especially when requirements are imported into a company’s business system. This can make gathering KPIs on how JIP33 implementation is evolving both internally and externally complex. Setting up expectations and systems to collect the necessary data for KPIs should be done at the beginning of a company’s implementation journey. This should extend to company expectations on gathering relevant data from their supply chain.
Initial KPIs for JIP33 sponsoring operating companies’ focus were leading in nature and focused on the level of implementation of specifications within the owner/operators, from the adoption of the specification through to purchasing (Figure 2).
Now that implementation is maturing in most of the sponsoring operating companies, the program is looking to establish more result-focused KPIs on the volume of equipment purchased (Figure 3), projects utilizing JIP33 specifications, and the percentage of value captured. The sponsoring operating companies are now asking their EPC partners to track and monitor comparable data within those organizations to demonstrate how JIP33 specifications adoption is expanding. The KPIs are intended to show JIP33 adoption throughout the supply chain, but it is also possible to monitor the value derived from JIP33 implementation.
Due to supply chain complexity, market fluctuations, and oil price, baselining costs and demonstrating the cost impact of JIP33 can be challenging. How- ever, what can be determined are the engineering hours required to issue a Request for Quotation (RFQs) for a standardized product, as well as tracking the reduction in clarifications that result in issuing standardized requirements. For manufacturers, having standardized requirements and Data Sheets means less administration should be needed in responding to RFQs.
Over the years, JIP33 has organized industry events to discuss the initiatives with key supply chain stakeholders. Re- cent engagement activities include inviting senior management from regional suppliers, EPCs, and non-sponsoring Operating Companies to the IOGP Engineering Leadership Council to discuss their real-world experience with JIP33 to date and to discuss recommendations on driving adoption further. JIP33 has a communication plan for more in-person events and webinars and will continue this outreach throughout the coming years.
Implementation guides and training videos have been developed to help companies better understand the JIP33 process and how best to implement the specifications. Increased engagement with supplier partners has improved the overall JIP33 development process and the quality of the specifications. Initially, supplier input was limited to the draft specification public review. That has now evolved significantly, and there is more opportunity for suppliers, EPCs, and non-sponsoring companies to actively contribute to the JIP33 process.
Supplier questionnaires and user feedback reviews on current specifications are being used as input to the process. In addition, there are public reviews of draft specifications and post-review town halls to provide feedback to commenters on the changes made to the document. For certain specifications, suppliers even actively participate in shaping the draft specification where anti-competition rules allow.
Besides needing strategic management of change and associated KPIs to monitor adoption, some other fundamental principles have been identified to successfully adopt and implement JIP33 specifications. These include ensuring that the ‘brand’ visibility of the JIP33 specification is maintained as it moves through the supply chain so that it will be recognized, and suppliers can respond appropriately. It is also important that the specifications are being used ‘as-is’; overlaying or modifying the JIP33 specifications will erode their value. JIP33 is continually updating its processes, including how to minimize overlays to specifications when maintaining or expanding the scope of existing specifications.
The application of JIP33 specifications is not limited to greenfield upstream capital projects. The specifications are also being actively used in brownfield and low-carbon applications. One of the se- lection criteria recently added for development topics was low carbon/energy transition applicability. This helps broaden the application past the traditional oil & gas usage into new businesses that many in the sector are now active in.
For the flow control industry, this means that standards will need to meet environmental objectives such as:
- Address the reduction of fugitive emissions and define the respective quality requirements,
- Include data requirements that certify the carbon footprint of flow control equipment,
- Include information requirements to mitigate material fraud in the energy sector,
- Define new scope to cover applications in Hydrogen and CCUS,
- Leave space for further innovation (like additive manufacturing). These elements will be covered in JIP33 in new and existing specifications as long as they form existing gaps in industry standards. A provisional roadmap for developing JIP33 specifications for valves is shown in Figure 4.
JIP33 has been a great success in the short time it has been active. The JIP33 Program is now actively engaging with additional operators and EPCs to further adoption across the industry. A large number of projects are now using JIP33 specifications, and large volumes of equipment specified by JIP33 have been procured since the oil & gas industry started to recover from the pandemic. While there is still a journey for many companies to go through to get the full cultural and behavioral changes required throughout their organization, there is the full support of executives from the major international and national oil & gas companies driving this program and making it go from strength to strength. The program continues to welcome increased participation of suppliers in the program, welcomes their input at all stages of the process, and actively encourages those who wish to know more to reach out to the JIP33 Project Team in this exciting endeavor.